1. How to Start Doing Multicultural Marketing?
First, you have to integrate multicultural marketing into your business. Don't ask whether there's an opportunity there, understand what that opportunity is. Starcom's Dana Bonkowski says: "The business-building power of multicultural America is the strongest it’s ever been. But right now it's also the hardest time, even with the technologies and tools available. How can we keep our consumers' attention? How can we keep up with new platforms and devices? And, most importantly, how can we establish an emotional connection with a population that's more diverse each day?"
Starcom's Dana Bonkowski
According to Dana Bonkowski, multicultural should be included from the very first brief. "If the client doesn't talk about it, make them. Always keep in mind that "multicultural is a group of people. It’s not a tactic or a box; it’s a group of individuals that could possibly solve whatever business challenge you might be faced with." This is precisely what needs to be done as agencies face the task of making clients understand this chance to grow.
Education (and Introspection)
Publicis Media's Jessica Román
“Given the evolving landscape, we may need to take a step back and help clients identify the business opportunity that the multicultural segment represents for them," explains Publicis Media's Jessica Román. "For some clients, it means a re-education of this segment. And a reminder of the amazing buying power that it represents, among other things”.
For Cynthia Dickson, this "re-education" is about remembering when agencies were expected to do everything and the industry wasn't so specialized in niches. "Something that we did at a full-service agency was focus groups. We really took the time to understand the consumer base," says Dickinson. "If you don't take the time nowadays, you don’t really understand what is driving your business". Furthermore, she suggests heavy introspection work: look into yourself before you look into multicultural marketing. "Start first with your product and your company. Really do the research there. Start at the basics, that’s really going to help your partners understand your business and drive it forward."
2. Finding a Strategy Through Data
Hearts & Science's José Bello
As Hearts & Science's José Bello explains, some clients still want to test if multicultural would help their brand grow. "That's not what we should be testing, we already know for sure. All the numbers show that most businesses will grow and be impacted," he states. However, it's not that easy to make brands understand where the testing efforts need to go. "We should be testing for the best tactics and the best creatives for specific targets".
We're pretty lucky to have quite a bit of data. Then we actually crunch it and tell the story, which is the biggest challenge.
UM's David Queamante
The next step is crunching the data, but the question is how much data is enough to start. As the wheels of retail move more quickly, getting data is not nearly as difficult as what happens next. "Processing and boiling quite a bit of data down to useful insights can actually be the biggest challenge," according to UM Worldwide's David Queamante. "Sometimes you have to start with tactic tests and then refine your strategy as more data comes in".
But oftentimes, explains multicultural marketing expert Starcom USA's Darcy Bowe, you just have to start talking to that audience. "We may not have time to do qualitative research to get deep insights," she says. "But just by using quantitative research we can tell businesses, 'Hey, you’re not even talking to some people'”.
3. Multicultural Marketing or Total Market: Segmentation vs. Inclusion
To what extent should brands segment their target? Is there a balance between "total market" and multicultural initiatives? In 2014, AHAA defined the concept of total market as: "A marketing approach which integrates segments to enhance value and growth effectiveness." Using a universal dominant strategy might've been a good idea a few years ago but it simply does not work anymore.
Image by Jcomp
For José Bello, not segmenting is one of worst things that have happened to marketing in the last few years: "I think we all understand the total market philosophy. Unfortunately, it got lost in translation among non-multicultural agency teams and clients, and it hurt us all. Things would be more clear if we went back to multicultural; back to U.S. Hispanics, African-American, etc, instead of the total market bucket," he reflects.
But perhaps it's not that the "total market" concept doesn't work, it's that we pushed it too far. As Jessica Román asserts, “I don’t believe the 'total market' concept will go away. However, the pendulum may have swung too far, and we need to bring it back in order to find that balance. There are times when you have to pause, analyze, and tweak what’s before you. In some cases, you even may have to take a step back, before you can move forward with a truly successful total market approach.”
Segmentation might sound complicated for clients, but agencies know it's just a matter of understanding your position and addressing consumers as humans. To highlight their nuances, not to segregate their differences. However, agencies are often required to offer more "blatant" displays of divisive targeting, or to generalize campaigns so that one fits all. This puts a strain on the efforts to address specific audiences without singling them out. "Sometimes it's easy [for clients] to find mistakes that are not grave enough just to make agencies feel they’re not doing a good job," commented Dana Bonkowski. "But we have tons of research are at our disposal for clients to see. So the sooner we can use data to find the right segmentation strategy and set them off for success, the better."
If you're going to focus on the white half of the population, you're going to miss the mark, period. If you're not incorporating a multicultural media mix, you're trying to move the needle but you're only pushing on half of the audience.
So, trust that your agency knows how much segmentation you actually have to do. As Cynthia Dixon says, "If you don't understand the basic platform of your product and the marketing position of your brand, it’s really hard for your partners to help you succeed. That’s really what’s gonna help us put your dollar in front of the person that’s gonna purchase your product."
4. Collaboration Breeds Creativity